Linked Lists and Its Properties

A linked list is a linear data structure as well as a dynamic data structure. A Linked list consists of nodes where each node contains a data field(to store some data values) and a reference to the next node in the list.

Properties of Linked List

  • It can be visualized as a chain of nodes where each node contains the location of the next node. You can see this in the diagram given below:
  • The structure of the node is

class Node{
    int val // variable storing the data of each node
    Node next // variable storing the address of the next blog
  • The first node of the linked list is called the head of the linked list . Through head, we can perform different operations on the linked list. In every linked list question, we will be given the reference of the head node of the linked list.
  • The last node of the linked list is pointing to NULL (None) which indicates that it is the last node.
  • Unlike arrays, linked list elements are not stored at contiguous memory locations.
  • Linked Lists addresses some of the limitations of arrays of having a fixed size because Linked Lists are dynamic in nature.

Advantages and Disadvantage of Linked list

  • They are dynamic in nature which allocates the memory when required.
  • Insertion and deletion operations can be easily implemented.
  • The memory is wasted as pointers require extra memory for storage.
  • No element can be accessed randomly, it has to access each node sequentially i.e. proper traversal must be done.
  • Reverse Traversing is difficult in the linked list(though we can achieve this with the help of Doubly Linked List).

Applications of Linked Lists

  • Linked lists are used to implement stacks, queues, graphs, etc.
  • Any application which has to deal with an unknown number of objects will need to use a linked list.

Critical Concepts to explore in Linked List

Suggested Problems to solve in Linked List

Happy coding! Enjoy Algorithms.