Given a binary search tree (BST), write a program to find the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of two given nodes in the BST.

Problem Note

  • Lowest Common Ancestor: The lowest common ancestor is defined between two nodes node1 and node2 as the lowest node in T that has both node1 and node2 as descendants (where we allow a node to be a descendant of itself).
  • All of the nodes' values will be unique.
  • node1 and node2 are different and both values will exist in the BST.
  • You can use extra memory, helper functions, and can modify the node struct but, you can’t add a parent pointer.

Given the following binary search tree: root = [6, 2 ,8, 0, 4, 7, 9, null, null, 3, 5]

Example 1

Input: root = [6, 2, 8, 0, 4, 7, 9, null, null, 3, 5] 
node1 = 2, node2 = 8
Output: 6
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 2 and 8 is 6.

Example 2

Input: root = [6, 2, 8, 0, 4, 7, 9, null, null, 3, 5] 
node1 = 2, node2 = 4
Output: 2
Explanation: The LCA of nodes 2 and 4 is 2, since a node can be a descendant of itself according to the LCA definition.